Inventories and Studies of Collateral Consequences

After Prison: Roadblocks to Reentry, A Report on State Legal Barriers Facing People with Criminal Convictions, LEGAL ACTION CENTER (2004), available at

Internal Exile: Collateral Consequences of Conviction in Federal Laws and Regulations, AM. BAR ASS’N COMMISSION ON EFFECTIVE CRIMINAL SANCTIONS (Jan. 2009), available at

Margaret Colgate Love, Jenny Roberts & Cecelia M. Klingele, Collateral Consequences of a Criminal Conviction: Law, Policy and Practice (NACDL/West 2012).

Restoration of Rights Project, NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CRIMINAL DEFENSE LAWYERS (2012), available at

Think Before you Plead: Juvenile Collateral Consequences in the United States, AM. BAR ASS’N CRIMINAL JUSTICE SECTION, available at

Alaska: Deborah Periman, The Hidden Impact of a Criminal Conviction: A Brief Overview of Collateral Consequences in Alaska (2007), available at

Arizona: Kate Adamson et al., Collateral Consequences of Criminal Conviction in Arizona, LAW, CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND SECURITY PROGRAM, UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA (2005), available at

Colorado: Mark D. Evans, The Consequences of Conviction – Sanctions Beyond the Sentence Under Colorado Law (2011), available at

District of Columbia: COMMUNITY RE-ENTRY PROGRAM, PUBLIC DEFENDER SERVICE FOR THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, Collateral Consequences of Criminal Convictions in the District of Columbia: A Guide for Criminal Defense Lawyers, (2010), available at

Kentucky: Sara M. Caudill and Ashley England-Huff, Collateral Consequences of Felony Convictions Established in the Kentucky Administrative Regulations, 35 N. KY. L. REV. 453 (2008), available at

Kentucky: Troy B. Daniels, Dawn L. Danley-Nichols, Kate R. Morgan and Bryce C. Roades, Kentucky’s Statutory Collateral Consequences from Felony Convictions: A Practitioner’s Guide, 35 N. KY. L. REV. 413 (2008), available at

Maryland: REENTRY OF EX-OFFENDERS CLINIC, UNIVERSITY OF MARYLAND SCHOOL OF LAW Collateral Consequences of Criminal Convictions in Maryland (2007), available at

Michigan: Michigan Poverty Law Program Reentry Law Wiki:

Michigan: Collateral Consequences of a Criminal Conviction (Tracey W. Brame Ed., ICLE 2012), available at

New York: NEW YORK STATE BAR ASS’N, SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON COLLATERAL CONSEQUENCES OF CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS, Re-entry and Reintegration: The Road to Public Safety (2006), available at

North Carolina: University of North Carolina Collateral Consequences Assessment Tool (C- CAT) Database:

Ohio: Civil Impacts of Criminal Convictions under Ohio Law (CIVICC) Database:

Pennsylvania: DEFENDER ASS’N OF PHILADELPHIA COLLATERAL CONSEQUENCES PROJECT, Collateral Consequences for Pennsylvania Adult Defendants by Criminal Statute (2011), available at TrainingMaterials/PA%20Adult%20Collateral%20Consquences%20Index_10.13.11.pdf.

Washington: Beyond the Conviction, WASHINGTON DEFENDER ASS’N (2012), available at the Conviction -Updated - 2007.pdf.

Standards, Policies, and Model Legislation

ABA Standards for Criminal Justice: Collateral Sanctions and Discretionary Disqualification of Convicted Persons, AM. BAR ASS’N (June 2004), available at criminal_justice_section_newsletter/crimjust_standards_collateralsanctionwithcommentary.authcheckdam.pdf.

Consideration of Arrest and Conviction Records in Employment Decisions Under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, EEOC Enforcement Guidance No. 915.002 (Apr. 25, 2012), available at

Model Penal Code: Sentencing, Discussion Draft No. 4, American Law Institute (April 16, 2012).

Uniform Collateral Consequences of Conviction Act, NAT’L CONFERENCE OF COMM’RS OF UNIF. STATE LAWS (2010), available at

Reports and Law Review Articles

´┐╝AM. BAR ASS’N, COMM’N ON EFFECTIVE CRIM. SANCTIONS, Second Chances in the Criminal Justice System: Alternatives to Incarceration and Reentry Strategies (2008), available at

Miriam J. Aukerman, The Somewhat Suspect Class: Towards a Constitutional Framework for Evaluating Occupational Restrictions Affecting People with Criminal Records, 7 J.L. SOC’Y 18 (2005), available at

Gabriel J. Chin, The New Civil Death: Rethinking Punishment in the Era of Mass Conviction, 160 U. PA. L. REV. 1789 (2012), available at

Gabriel J. Chin, Making Padilla Practical: Defense Counsel and Collateral Consequences at Guilty Plea, 54 HOW. L.J. 675 (2011), available at

James B. Jacobs, Mass Incarceration and the Proliferation of Criminal Records, 3 ST. THOMAS L. REV. 387 (2006), available at

James B. Jacobs & Tama Crepet, The Expanding Scope, Use and Availability of Criminal Records, 11 N.Y.U. J. LEGIS. & PUB. POLICY 177 (2008), available at

Robert M. A. Johnson, Collateral Consequences, Message from the President of the National District Attorney’s Ass’n, May-June 2001, available at

Margaret Colgate Love, Paying their Debt to Society: Forgiveness, Redemption, and the Uniform Collateral Consequences of Conviction Act, 54 HOW. L.J. 753 (2011), available at

Margaret Colgate Love, Collateral Consequences After Padilla v. Kentucky: From Punishment to Regulation, 31 ST. LOUIS U. PUB. L. REV. 87 (2011), available at

Margaret Colgate Love, Starting Over With a Clean Slate: In Praise of a Forgotten Section of the Model Penal Code, 30 FORDHAM URB. L.J. 1705 (2003), available at

Christine Neylon O’Brien & Jonathan J. Darrow, Adverse Employment Consequences Triggered by Criminal Conviction: Recent Cases Interpret State Statutes Prohibiting Discrimination, 42 WAKE FOREST L. REV. 991 (2007), available at

Michael Pinard, Collateral Consequences of Criminal Convictions: Confronting Issues of Race and Dignity, 85 N.Y.U. L. REV. 457 (2010), available at

Michael Pinard, An Integrated Perspective on the Collateral Consequences of Criminal Convictions and Reentry Issues Faced by Formerly Incarcerated Individuals, 86 BOSTON U. L. REV. 623 (2006), available at

Joy Radice, Administering Justice: Removing Statutory Barriers to Reentry, 83 U. COLO. L. REV. 715 (2012), available at

Jenny Roberts, Why Misdemeanors Matter: Defining Effective Advocacy in the Lower Criminal Courts, 45 U.C. DAVIS L. REV. 277 (2011), available at

Jenny Roberts, Ignorance is Effectively Bliss: Collateral Consequences, Silence, and Misinformation in the Guilty Plea Process, 95 IOWA L. REV. 119 (2009), available at

Michelle Natividad Rodriguez & Maurice Emsellem, 65 Million “Need Not Apply”: The Case for Reforming Criminal Background Checks for Employment, NAT’L EMP’T LAW PROJECT (March 2011), available at

McGregor Smyth, 'Collateral' No More — The Practical Imperative for Holistic Defense in a Post-Padilla World...Or, How to Achieve Consistently Better Results for Clients, 31 ST. LOUIS U. PUB. L. REV. 139 (2011), available at

McGregor Smyth, Holistic is Not a Bad Word: A Criminal Defense Attorney’s Guide to Using Invisible Punishments as an Advocacy Strategy, 36 U. TOL. L. REV. 479 (2005), available at